Eu Readmission Agreements List

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Less than 40% of irregular migrants who have been asked to leave the EU do return to their country of origin or to a third country. The European Court of Auditors (Court of Auditors) has just launched an audit on EU cooperation with third countries on the readmission of irregular migrants. Auditors will check whether the measures taken by the European Commission after 2015 have improved cooperation with priority third countries. There are also other agreements and memorandums of understanding on readmission. So far, the EU has concluded readmission agreements with the following autonomous countries and regions: today, auditors have published an overview of the migration return policy – cooperation with third countries on readmission. Audit overviews contain information about an ongoing audit task and are intended to provide information to those interested in the directive or the programs to be reviewed. The full preview of the audit is available in English on eca.europa.eu. The report is expected to be published in the summer of 2021. As the EU becomes a global immigration priority, it is facing an increasing number of irregular immigrants, in addition to regular immigrants. In order to improve the management of its external borders, the EU is working to cooperate with the countries of origin and transit of migrants.

Among the legal instruments available are the so-called readmission agreements, which facilitate the removal of irregular migrants from the parties` territory. This article considers the use of EU readmission agreements as the main instrument of the external dimension of the fight against irregular immigration in the EU and argues that these agreements have become instruments of prime importance, but not necessarily of the utmost importance. The analysis begins with a systematic approach that examines readmission agreements within the framework of other existing instruments used by EU institutions and in the context of readmission cooperation with third countries. The analysis then examines the legal issues related to the conclusion of EC readmission agreements and the challenges highlighted by the definition of their content. This article also addresses the issue of the outcome of the implementation of these agreements. In February 2011, on the basis of an assessment of the EU readmission agreements already in force and an assessment of the ongoing readmission negotiations, the Commission made several recommendations for a renewed EU readmission policy. So far, the EU has concluded readmission agreements with the following third countries. One of the reasons for the low effective rate of return of migrants who have been ordered to leave the EU is the lack of cooperation of some third countries in identifying and repatriating their nationals. This is why the EU cooperates very actively with the countries of origin of irregular migrants, including through readmission agreements. It sets out clear obligations and procedures for authorities in non-EU and EU member states on when and how irregular persons can be re-grated.

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