Kosovo Association Agreement

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On 14 December 2007, the European Council adopted a mission with a magnitude of 1,800 to 1,900. This increase amounts to 2,000 employees, due to the expected instability due to the absence of agreements with Serbia. [17] Comprised of police officers (including four riot units),[18] prosecutors and judges, it focuses on matters of the rule of law, including democratic norms. The size of the mission means that Kosovo is home to the largest number of EU officials outside Brussels. [19] The head of the mission is French General Xavier Bout de Marnhac, who replaced Yves de Kermabon on October 15, 2010. It is accountable to the Member States of the European Union. A stabilization monitoring mechanism set up on 6 November 2002 for Kosovo is an association process specially designed to promote political dialogue between the EU and the Kosovo authorities on issues of EU rapprochement, as its controversial status has not allowed it to begin the stabilisation and association process. In addition, a new sectoral meeting structure was established in March 2007 under the aegis of the STM in the areas of good governance, the economy, the internal market, innovation and infrastructure. [23] The agreement does not constitute an independent recognition of Kosovo by the EU or by some EU countries.

A few days after the agreement, the European Commission recommended authorising the opening of negotiations on the ASA between the EU and Kosovo[39] and opening EU accession negotiations with Serbia. [40] On 28 June 2013, the European Council approved the European Union`s conclusions on negotiations with Kosovo and Serbia. [41] [42] On 19 April 2013, the governments of Kosovo and Serbia reached an agreement[36] which was seen as an important step in normalizing relations and which would enable Serbia and Kosovo to make progress in European integration. [37] The agreement aims to force the two states to «not block or encourage the progress of the other side on the EU`s trajectories». [36] Although this is not Belgrade`s recognition of Kosovo`s independence,[37] EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Catherine Ashton was quoted as saying: «What we are seeing is a step away from the past and for both a step closer to Europe,» while Thai said. «This agreement will help us heal the wounds of the past if we have the wisdom and knowledge to put it into practice.» [37] The agreement was ratified by the Kosovo Assembly on 28 June 2013. [38] Before applying for full EU membership, Kosovo attempted to sign a Stabilization and Association Agreement (ASA) with the EU which, according to the European Parliament, «defines the rights and obligations of both parties until EU membership». [32] In March 2012, the European Commission commissioned a feasibility study on the prospects of an ASA with Kosovo. [33] [34] The results were published on October 10, 2012.

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