The Kingsbridge case began with plans to transform an empty weapons house. Built in 1917 for military purposes, the Kingsbridge Armory features a huge 180,000 square metre drilling room with an uninterrupted wingspan of steel construction and no internal support columns. The armory was ceded to New York City in the 1990s and has been largely abandoned. Pending the transfer of the arsenal of weapons to the city, the Kingsbridge Armory Redevelopment Alliance (KARA) was established in the late 1980s to unite different community stakeholders around the goal of ensuring that the economic benefits of any weapons renovation remain in the community. KARA was organized and occupied by the Northwest Bronx Community and Clergy Coalition, a community organizing group founded in 1974. Below is a fundamental statement on the benefits of the Community. To familiarize yourself with the details of how they work, please also read these resources: Normally, negotiations begin between a CBA coalition and a developer after a project is announced, but before government approval. However, there are examples of legal requirements of the CBA that are related to grants that impose municipal performance standards for land in certain districts. For example, developers participating in the Atlanta Beltline project who opt for the use of tax-raising funding must integrate the community`s benefits through a development or financing agreement.  In the absence of state intervention, developers and private real estate companies generally see little economic incentive to pay a living wage or other benefits to local communities. A living wage is probably higher than the living wage on which Marx wrote ( in 2004). Employers are encouraged to pay workers a living wage, which allows them to guarantee a labour supply. However, in modern urban environments where unemployment is high, the oversupply of labour means that employers do not have to pay high wages to workers to maintain full employment in their businesses (Parker 1994).
Peck and Theodore 2001). A collective utility policy is any policy adopted by a local government that requires community benefits for projects carried out by the government or by a private developer. Common examples are livelihoods, local attitudes and affordable housing for subsidized development.